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Mystery monkey: history of unique Xenothrix fossil revealed

[ad_1] Image copyright Getty Images Image caption The monkey, called the xenothrix, was closely related to the titi monkey which lives in the Amazon A mysterious extinct monkey from Jamaica that is unlike any other in the fossil record has South American roots, according to new evidence.DNA extracted from fossilised bones suggests the monkey first colonised the island 11 million years ago.It had no predators there and it evolved strange
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The ‘painted wolves’ of Zimbabwe

[ad_1] Image copyright ©Nicholas Dyer Image caption Staring competition: Painted wolves, or African wild dogs, do everything as a group - even facing up to a hyena They are stunning; there's no question. And the name, "painted wolves", seems so apt.Their dappled tan and black fur, shot through with flashes of white, dazzles in the sunlight. You're going to become very familiar with these creatures; you may even fall in
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EU moves to protect large carnivores

[ad_1] Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Populations of brown bears have increased in many parts of Europe The EU is to allow farmers to receive full compensation for any damages caused by attacks from protected animals like lynxes, wolves and bears.Other expenses including installing electric fences or acquiring guard dogs to prevent damage will also be fully reimbursed. The EU says the move will help protect large predators in
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ExoMars: Life-detecting robot to be sent to Oxia Planum

[ad_1] Image copyright AIRBUS Image caption ExoMars: A copy of the rover undergoing testing The robot rover that Europe and Russia will send to Mars in 2020 will be targeted at a near-equatorial site on the Red Planet known as Oxia Planum.The area was recommended by an expert panel meeting at Leicester University.Oxia is rich in clays and other minerals that have resulted from prolonged rock interactions with water.The ExoMars
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Sutherland spaceport project to move to next stage

[ad_1] Image copyright Rocket Labs Image caption It has been proposed that microsatellites could be launched from Sutherland Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) said it will "step up" its engagement with people who live close to the site of a proposed spaceport in Sutherland.Land on the Melness Crofters Estate (MCE) has been identified as the potential location for the launching of rockets carrying micro satellites.MCE is set to work with
Science/Nature

Climate Change: Arctic ‘no safe harbour’ for breeding birds

[ad_1] Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Birds migrating to the Arctic tundra The Arctic is no longer the safe haven it once was for nesting birds, a new scientific report warns.Having nests raided by predators is a bigger threat for birds flocking to breed than in the past, it shows.This raises the risk of extinction for birds on Arctic shores, say researchers.They point to a link with climate change,
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Delhi air: Eating berries and wearing masks to beat pollution

[ad_1] Image copyright AFP Every winter, a thick blanket of smog descends on large parts of India and people begin a losing fight against the frightening levels of pollution. Thousands land up in doctors' clinics with breathlessness, fill up hospital beds with lung problems and many are forced to stay off school or work.And with measures announced by the federal and state governments to curb pollution not making any impact,
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Finland: Where second-hand comes first

[ad_1] Image caption Kati Rossi was looking for a second-hand bookshelf With her daughter and baby son, Kati Rossi is prowling a suburb of Helsinki in the hunt for a second-hand bookshelf.Across the road looms a Swedish furniture giant, but Kati is scouring a huge municipal re-use centre instead. “I don’t want to go to IKEA,” she tells me. "I will find something much more interesting here, and much more
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‘Oldest animal painting’ discovered in Borneo

[ad_1] Image copyright NAture Image caption This tracing of the cave wall shows the 40,000-year-old painting on the far right. The black box shows the area which was used for dating the cave art The earliest known painting of an animal has been identified in a cave on the island of Borneo.The artwork, which is at least 40,000 years old, is thought to be the oldest example of figurative painting
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Climate change: Bug covered ‘bionic mushroom’ generates clean energy

[ad_1] Image copyright American Chemical Society Image caption A button mushroom coated in bugs and nanowires can produce electricity from light US researchers have successfully tested the rather whacky idea of producing electricity from a mushroom covered in bacteria.The scientists used 3D printing to attach clusters of energy-producing bugs to the cap of a button mushroom.The fungus provided the ideal environment to allow the cyanobacteria to generate a small amount
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ExoMars: Where to send Europe’s robot rover?

[ad_1] Image copyright AIRBUS Image caption ExoMars: A copy of the rover undergoing testing Scientists and engineers are to meet in Leicester to choose a landing site on Mars for Europe's 2020 rover. The six-wheeled robot will be targeted at one of two near-equatorial terrains on the Red Planet. The ExoMars Site Selection Working Group must weigh which of the pair represents the biggest scientific interest but also offers a
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Northern white rhino: New hopes for IVF rescue

[ad_1] Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Sudan was the last of his kind A new study raises hopes of saving one of the last animals of its kind.A victim of poaching, the northern white rhino population has been reduced to just two females, which are both unable to breed. DNA evidence shows the rhino is more closely related than previously thought to its southern white cousin.Creating rhino hybrids using
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Metop weather satellite prepares for lift-off

[ad_1] Image copyright ESA Image caption The Metop satellites circle the globe probing the state of the atmosphere Europe is about to put a front-line weather satellite in orbit that has components which are over a decade old. The Metop-C spacecraft is due to launch from French Guiana late on Tuesday local time, and will circle the globe, gathering data that will feed into daily forecasts. The satellite was procured
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Helpline to tackle bullying in chemistry

[ad_1] Image copyright Getty Images/Universal Images Group Bullying and harassment is such a problem in the world of chemistry that a dedicated helpline is being set up for victims, a scientific body says.The Royal Society of Chemistry says people were being denied opportunities because of "a culture of secrecy" and the 'unchecked power of managers'.The research showed both men and women have been bullied and harassed by colleagues.But it was
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Ron Howard: Creating vision of a future Mars colony

[ad_1] Image copyright NAtional Geographic Image caption The series Mars envisages how a pioneer human settlement might function on the Red Planet To mark the second season of the television series Mars, Hollywood director Ron Howard talked to the BBC about creating a realistic depiction of the first human colonies on the Red Planet.If humankind is to expand out into the Universe, then Mars is likely to be our first
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Large hydropower dams ‘not sustainable’ in the developing world

[ad_1] Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Problems at the Oroville dam in California in 2017 saw 10,000 people evacuated A new study says that many large scale hydropower projects in Europe and the US have been disastrous for the environment.Dozens of these dams are being removed every year, with many considered dangerous and uneconomic.But the authors fear that the unsustainable nature of these projects has not been recognised in
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Dinosaur world ‘more colourful than we thought’

[ad_1] Image copyright Yale University Image caption Spot the dinosaur egg Why do some birds lay colourful eggs? From pale blue to speckled red, they come in every shade and hue.The answer, say scientists, is that coloured eggs evolved millions of years ago in birds' ancestors, the dinosaurs.The patterns and colours may have served to camouflage eggs from predators as white eggs stand out more against darker backgrounds. Thus, the
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Revealed: The secret of the poet’s daffodil

[ad_1] Image copyright Rodney Lay/RHS Image caption Narcissus poeticus (Pheasant’s eye daffodil) The secrets of a flower known as the poet's daffodil have fallen to science.The genetic code of the daffodil's chloroplast - the DNA responsible for photosynthesis - has been mapped for the first time.Narcissus poeticus was one of the first daffodils to be cultivated, and is linked to the Greek legend of Narcissus. In Greek mythology, the flower
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Scottish researchers create ‘crystal maze’ for light

[ad_1] Image copyright Channel 4 Image caption The TV programme Crystal Maze is rather different to the research experiment Researchers at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh have created a "crystal maze" to control how light spreads. However, unlike the Channel 4 TV game show, this one is telling scientists more about how light can be manipulated. It could also lead to new and better devices in fields like healthcare and telecommunications.